---- the opening phrases of a literary comment by Urmi Chanda-Vaz at QUARTZ (India), reprinted from July 2015 :-
'Even as same-sex couples in India struggle to gain legal recognition, in literature they are the heroes and heroines.
Over the years, a number of Indian writers have steadily produced remarkable gay literature, keeping alive the issue of inequality in love through their compelling stories. Here is an overview of some of the books and plays that have blazed a trail for gay rights in the country. ....
.... In 1942, Ismat Chughtai wrote her short story Lihaaf and provoked a high courtroom drama, with people baying for her blood. How dare she suggest something as chee-chee as a same-sex relationship? And while the bold author won the case, society never quite “forgave” her for such audacity.
---- see more of Urmi Chanda-Vaz's revealing article at QUARTZ at :-